ART PROCESSING OF METAL

                                          ART PROCESSING OF METAL 
 
The art processing of metal is one of the oldest and the most widespread  branches of the Armenian folk  art. From  the  earliest  times  on the  base  of  blacksmithing appeared some  other separate  branches - copper-smithing,  gold-smithing…
The art processing of metal was widely known in Medieval  centuries including church–religious  relics and  manuscripts. In XVII-XIXth centuries  the  famous centers of metal  treatment were Van, Bitlis, Akhaltskha, Alexandrapol   and other centers with Armenian  population. Church   plate (vases, cups, censers, candle-sticks, trays) also   utilitarian items made of copper and other metals (cauldron, mugs, trays, cigarette-cases, bags, belts, adornments) have been created in these centers. The production was also exported to other countries.
Different ways of metal treatment-chasing, melting, casting, filigree, gilding, enameling, niello, incrustation with precious and semiprecious stones to Armenian masters. The belts made in Vaspourakan region were so different from that of made in Zangezour or Akhaltskha by technical way, designs, ornaments and style.
During the soviet power the art processing of metal developed newly. The best traditions of metal treatment are inherited by the contemporary masters- Vahan and Gabriel Hatsagortsyan, Hrachik Stepanyan, Zhirayr Chuloyan, Gurgen Torosyan. Preserving the traditional ways of metal processing they find out new ways, methods, constructions and designs.
 The creations of Armenian masters are displayed in the hall of metal treatment at Sharambeyan Center of Popular Creation. These samples have been   demonstrated at different exhibitions in many countries.